There is no system which can be completely foolproof. Irrespective to the soundness of this system, there are certain flaws of this system which are as follows:
- Absolute Majority- In case there is absolute majority enjoyed by the government in the legislature, then the executive may become “virtually dictatorial”. It may become whimsical and corrupt in using its powers without caring about the liberty and rights of the people.
- Politicization of Administration- The executive is bound to take political considerations into account before implementing any policy and decision. This can be said for the opposition too as it may oppose the government merely for the sake of politics rather than offering constructive criticism after looking into the working of the government and interest of the people. This may simply fail the purpose of democracy as people suffer at the cost of political considerations and actions.
- Unsuitable for Multi-party system- In a country like India where there are multiple parties contesting elections, there is no absolute majority to one party and this leads to the formation of a coalition government which is highly unstable and chaotic. The leader is also chosen after political considerations and there is no autonomy and efficiency in the government. Dual party system is the essence of parliamentary system as in Great Britain. India has witnessed a high level of political instability due to the presence of numerous parties and this makes the system flawed, chaotic and confused.
- Emergencies- Professor Dicey has pointed out that the Parliamentary system fails to respond properly to the critical situations since the Prime Minister has to consider the party and every political outcome before coming to a decision. Also, the members of the Parliament are not always unanimous to a particular decision. This may make the situation even worse and uncontrollable.
- Mal-administration- Since the government is elected from the social field, having no administrative training, background or skill, the efficiency of the system depends largely on the civil servants for proper formulation and implementation of the policies. Thus the bureaucrats assume huge importance in the system and they often misuse their position leading to maladministration.
Therefore we see that within the enlisted benefits of the parliamentary system, there are flaws and lacuna too. This makes the system questionable and calls for a consideration over another form of democracy in India, i.e., Presidential System of Government.
In another words:-
Disadvantages of Parliamentary Form of Government
Drawbacks of the Parliamentary form of Government are as under:-
- Delay in decisions.
- Ministers are selected by the Prime Minister on the basis of influence in the party.
- Newly elected members sometimes neglected even competent in their fields.
- Misuse of authority by the members of Parliamentary because of majority.
- Members of Parliament cannot go against the party’s policy. Even they cannot vote according to their conscience.
- Nomination of illiterate members as ministers causing strongest bureaucracy.
- Influence of small factions on the political parties.