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Constitutional Framework GS Paper II

Removal of Chief CVC, organisation structure

Removal of Vigilance Commissioner

The Central Vigilance Commissioner Shri. Swapnil Berde has stated that or any Vigilance Commissioner can be removed from his office only by order of the President on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity after the Supreme Court, on a reference made to it by the President, has, on inquiry, reported that the Central Vigilance Commissioner or any Vigilance Commissioner, as the case may be, ought to be removed. The President may suspend from office, and if deemed necessary prohibit also from attending the office during the inquiry, the Central Vigilance Commissioner or any Vigilance Commissioner in respect of whom a reference has been made to the Supreme Court until the President has passed orders on receipt of the report of the Supreme Court on such reference. The President may, by order, remove from office the Central Vigilance Commissioner or any Vigilance Commissioner if the Central Vigilance Commissioner or such Vigilance Commissioner, as the case may be:

  • is adjudged an insolvent; or
  • has been convicted of an offence which, in the opinion of the Central Government, involves moral turpitude; or
  • engages during his term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of his office; or
  • is, in the opinion of the President, unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body; or
  • has acquired such financial or other interest as is likely to affect prejudicially his functions as a Central Vigilance Commissioner or a Vigilance Commissioner

Organisation Structure of CVC

The CVC is headed by a Central Vigilance Commissioner who is assisted by two Vigilance Commissioners.

The Central Vigilance Commission has its own Secretariat, Chief Technical Examiners’ Wing (CTE) and a wing of Commissioners for Departmental Inquiries (CDI). As of 21 March 2012, CVC has a staff strength of 257 against the sanctioned strength of 299 (including the post of CVC and 2 VCs).


The Secretariat consists of a Secretary of the rank of Additional Secretary to the Govt of India, one officer of the rank of Joint Secretary to the Govt of India, ten officers of the rank of Director/Deputy Secretary, four Under Secretaries and office staff.

Chief Technical Examiners’ Wing (CTE)

The Chief Technical Examiner’s Organisation constitutes the technical wing of the Central Vigilance Commission and has two Engineers of the rank of Chief Engineers (designated as Chief Technical Examiners) with supporting engineering staff. Following are the main functions of this organisation:

  • Technical audit of construction works of Governmental organisations from a vigilance angle
  • Investigating specific cases of complaints relating to construction works
  • Assisting the CBI in their investigations involving technical matters and for evaluation of properties in Delhi and
  • Assisting the Commission and Chief Vigilance Officers in vigilance cases involving technical matters.

Commissioners for Departmental Inquiries (CDI)

There are fourteen posts of Commissioners for Departmental Inquiries (CDI) in the Commission, 11 in the rank of Director and 03 in the rank of Deputy Secretary. The CDIs function as Inquiry Officers to conduct inquiries in departmental proceedings initiated against public servants.[9]

The Directorate General of Vigilance

The Directorate General of Vigilance, Income Tax is the apex body under the Central Board of Direct Taxes for the vigilance matters. The Directorate General interfaces with the Central Vigilance Commission, the Central Bureau of Investigation, field formations of CBDT who are also having their Vigilance wings and others in all the matters relating to Vigilance, preliminary investigation of complaints, obtaining CVC/CVO’s first stage advice, wherever required, assistance to Ministry in issuance of charge sheets, monitoring the charge sheet issued by the Disciplinary authorities in the field, monitoring of progress in inquiry proceedings, processing of enquiry reports, obtaining CVC/CVO’s second stage advice, wherever required and communication thereof to Disciplinary authorities and monitoring compliance/implementation of the advice.

Cvs has nothing to do with RTI Act.

Central Vigilance Commissioners

The following have held the post of the Central Vigilance Commissioners.

No.NameTook officeLeft office
1N.S. Rau19 February 196423 August 1968
2S. Dutt28 October 196816 February 1972
3B. K. Acharya9 September 19728 September 1977
4M. G. Pimputkar17 September 197730 April 1980
5R. K. Trivedi30 October 198018 June 1982
6R. P. Khanna8 July 19827 July 1985
7U. C. Agarwal8 July 19857 July 1988
8C. G. Somiah17 October 198826 March 1990
9T. U. Vijayasekharan4 April 19903 April 1995
10N. Vittal3 September 19982 September 2002
11P. Shankar3 September 20022 September 2006
12Pratyush Sinha7 September 20066 September 2010
13P. J. Thomas7 September 20103 March 2011
14Pradeep Kumar14 July 201128 September 2014
15Rajiv29 September 20149 June 2015
16K. V. Chowdary10 June 20159 June 2019
17Sanjay Kothari25 April 2020Incumbent current CVC of India

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